Legislatives en Pologne : Pourquoi les jeunes sont séduits par les “nationaux-libéraux” ? – VoxEurop (français)

Le gouvernement ultraconservateur de Droit et Justice (PiS), a été reconduit au pouvoir lors des législatives du 13 octobre. Mais la véritable nouveauté du scrutin a été le score de Konfederacja, un parti encore plus à droite, et qui a su capter les voix des jeunes. Enquête sur leurs motivations.

This is a companion discussion topic for the original entry at https://voxeurop.eu/fr/2019/legislatives-en-pologne-5123933

These elections were the first since I remember which I totally boycotted. Not only due to the fact, that I was abroad at the time, visiting Berlin as a tourist. But also due to the fact, that social-political economic situation in Poland makes me puke. The fact, that so many young people vote for such worthless parties like Konfederacja is one of the reasons. As a Nationalist I am in stitches seeing this weird combination of Libertarian-Conservative and Nationalist-like people. De facto, Konfederacja is simple, Rightist movement, something like hardist PiS, free of “socialist” policies. I can desribe Konfederacja in exactly the same ways as many Liberal-Lefitst outlets do it, although in the last days of Campaign, Liberal media started to…promote Konfederacja, in order to boost its popularity and to weaken PiS result. Konfederacja is definitely anti-Semitic, anti-Israeli movement, full of anti-Ukrainian, pro-Russian people who like to desribe themselves as “true Poles”. It is a party, full of homophobic bigotry, where anti-Semitic and homophobic rants are becoming nothing unsual. Maybe I am growing old, but I do not desribe myself as a “young Pole” anymore. I am very sad, seeing that my younger fellow counterparts are becoming so egoistic worthless people full of anti-Semitic, homophobic bigotry. I want to say, that I did not change my “extremist” views, yet I tend to differ between political standpoint and mindset.

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I wouldn’t be so pessimistic: The reason why young Poles vote for a new smaller nationalist-liberal party is quite understandable: “New” because they want a change and two big “traditional” parties can hardly bring it. “Nationalist” because nationalism is used as a glue that keeps the community together, in particular in Poland which is a country whose borders were changing in the past that’s why the cohesion cannot be determined by the historical roots in a specific territory but rather in the heads of the people. This also explains why so many Poles have no problem to live all across the world, yet be tightly bound to their own nation. And economically “liberal” because they are in their early productive age, looking ahead with optimism, and don’t need to rely on welfare benefits that PiS has been using to bribe old and poor people.

In general, the young generation (generations Z and partly also Y) are seen as more politically active than the previous generation. Actually, in many countries, there is a battle for the future political course of the respective countries fought between old people (conservative, afraid of changes, in post-colonial countries adoring the colonial past, in post-communist countries adoring the communist past) and the young generation that wants to be heard. The middle-age generation (in particular generation X) has always been been more individualistic and preoccupied with fulfilling private goals and is far less publicly active than the old and young citizens.

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I consider young Poles as very passive politically and very individualistic, self-oriented persons. It is not true that, PiS is “socialist” in economic ways, as a former entrepreneur I see, that it was Morawiecki’s government which liberalised economy the most since 1989. Corporate Income Tax is one of the lowest in the EU, 10% or so, people who want to set up their own, micro-enterprize, thanks to PiS are freed from big financial burden in early state of the enterprize life. Yes, I still hear complains about PiS “socialism” from the mouths of young ignorant poeple, who do not know the realilty of early 1990’s and early 2000’s, when unemployment in Poland was enormous. Hence, I am totally pessimistic when it comes to younger Poles ability for self-governance in the future.

Decreasing taxes and / or exempting some groups from paying taxes is another form of populist policies like increasing social welfare payments. There should be primarily focus on sustainability of any measure because as the saying goes, one cannot have leftists welfare and rightist taxes at the same time. It is possible that Poland can afford it now due to the inflow of subsidies from EU that off-loaded the burden of investing from national budget and made it available for use in social welfare and decreasing taxes, but this situation is temporary and sooner or later all V4 countries become net contributors to EU budget.

That’s why I think that the desirable changes would consist of “rationalization” of the administrative burden for the business and other forms of making the environment business friendly without need to undercut taxes and / or cheap workforce. Denmark can be a good example of a country that has high taxes, expensive workforce, yet it is a popular destination for corporate investments.

You are right, when it comes to coming to the position of net-payer in case of Visegrad Group countries. However, comparison to Denmark is false, just like comparing any other non-Nordic country to a Nordic country one, like Denmark, Sweden or Finland. Nordic model cannot be simply copied anywhere in Europe or in the world, due to the fact that it is based on very specifics of Nordic people, themselves. Of course, there differencies, between Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Norway. Yet, Nordic people, for centuries have been very entrepreneurial, mostly due to their hard-work ethics and strong invidividualism, combined with a belief in community. Good entrepreneur will never be a complete egoist, since one must always think about the client good. It is the customer who pays and makes an entrepreneur a rich or a beggar.